03-05-06

Lewis en Clark, Amerikaanse ontdekkingsreizigers

Lewis and Clark Timeline

KEN ROGERS, Bismarck Tribune
__________

Wat voor ons Europeanen Christoffel Columbus was, is voor de Amerikanen Lewis & Clark. Twee ontdekkingsreizigers, die in opdracht van hun President Jefferson (meer dan 200 jaar geleden) het land moesten gaan ontdekken, dat ze zojuist, bij de Louisiana purchase (aankoop in Louisiana) hadden gekocht. Vanuit de buurt van St Louis, midden op het Amerikaanse vasteland vertrokken ze in westelijke richting, op zoek naar de stille zuidzee. Ze ontdekken er natuurlijk onbeschrijfelijk mooie natuur, maar maken ook contact met de indiaanse bevolking, hetgeen voor sommigen niet zo gunstig afliep. Ze vertrekken op 14 mei 1804, op 18 nov. 1805 komen ze aan de kust van de stille zuidzee , en het duurt nog tot 23 september 1806 voor ze terug in St Louis aankomen.. Hun reisroute en hun verhalen worden nauwkeurig opgetekend en vormen nog steeds een belangrijk onderdeel van de Amerikaanse geschiedenisles.

Hieronder het tijdsverloop :

 

In May 1804, an incredible journey began. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned a band of explorers to investigate the northern wilderness of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase

In 1804, Meriwether Lewis & William Clark began a voyage of discovery with 45 men, a keelboat, two pirogues,and a dog. They departed from Camp Wood located in what was to become Illinois. President Jefferson had long dreamed of what lay to the west of the young United States – what animals, plants, minerals, what route for eastern trade would his expedition reveal?

 

 

1738

Verendrye expedition visits Knife River villages

1781

Small pox sweeps northern plains

1800

U.S. Capitol moved from Philadelphia to Washington.

1801

Thomas Jefferson inaugurated as the third President of the United States.

1802

President Jefferson begins negotiations for the purchase of New Orleans.

 

 

1803

Jefferson asks Congress for $2,500 for the expedition

 

United States buys Louisiana for $15 million on April 30

 

Clark accepted invitation to join expedition on July 18

 

Clark establishes camp at Wood River on Dec. 13

 

 

1804

Corps of Discovery departs Camp Wood near St. Louis on May 14.

 

Lewis and Clark meet with Otto Indians at Council Bluffs on Aug. 3

 

Sgt. Floyd dies, Aug. 20

 

Expedition enters present day North Dakota, Oct. 13

 

Camp below On-A-Slant Village, Oct. 20

 

First snow, Oct. 21.

 

Expedition meets first Mandan Indians, Oct. 24.

 

Arrive at the Knife River villages, Oct. 26.

 

Work on Fort Mandan begins, Nov. 3.

 

Men move into unfinished Fort Mandan, Nov. 16.

 

Snow and very cold, Nov. 27.

 

Temperature minus 12. Killed eight buffalo, one deer and two cows.

 

Several men with frost bite. Dec. 8.

1805

Sakakawea¼s son Pomp born, Feb. 11.

 

Barge departs for St. Louis and expedition leaves Mandan villages for the Pacific, April 7.

 

Lewis & Clark leave North Dakota, headed west, April 27.

 

Lewis reaches Great Falls, June 13.

 

Ran out of whiskey, July 4.

 

Corps reaches Three Forks, July 25.

 

Start north up the Bitterroot River, Sept. 2.

 

Lewis & Clark reach Pacific Ocean on Nov. 18.

1806

Fort Clatsop complete, Jan. 1

 

Alexander Henry visits Knife River villages.

 

The Corps of Discovery begins return trip, March 23.

 

Party divides, June 29.

 

Expedition returns to present day North Dakota on Aug. 3 Leaves Aug. 20.

 

Lewis & Clark reunited, Aug. 12.

 

Expedition leaves Knife River villages, Aug. 17.

 

Lewis & Clark return to St. Louis, Mo., on Sept. 23.

1807

Jefferson nominates Lewis to be governor of the Territory of Louisiana, Feb. 28.

1809

James Madison inaugurated President.

 

Meriwether Lewis dies while traveling to Washington on the Natchez Trace Oct. 10.

1810

Brackenridge and Bradbury visit Knife River village.

 

 

1828

Fort Floyd established at the mouth of Yellowstone (renamed Fort Union, 1830)

1831

Fort Clark built.

 

 

1833

George Catlin visits Knife River villages

 

 

1833-34

Maximilian, Prince of Wied-Neuwied, and Karl Bodmer winter in the Knife River villages.

1837

Small pox epidemic nearly eliminates Mandans and Hidatsa.

 

17:52 Gepost door Fireobservers in Oregon | Permalink | Commentaren (5) |  Facebook |

Commentaren

Merci de ton passage sur mon blog
Daniel.

Gepost door: ledane | 03-05-06

Lewis and Clark Expeditie Net wat ik zocht. Duidelijk en met mooie plaatjes. Hartstikke bedankt.

Gepost door: Y. Quadflieg | 16-12-06

No problem, that's what it's here for
een verzameling van alle interressante oregon facts

Gepost door: ekellop | 17-12-06

hallo allemaal

Gepost door: joopie | 21-05-10

hallo ik ben zeeeeeeeeer te vreden over de plaats leuke site !!!!!!!!!!!!!
jammer dat livingstone er niet meer is

koekeloe

Gepost door: hansjepansje | 21-05-10

De commentaren zijn gesloten.